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Doctor job description

Doctor job description

Doctor job description

A Doctor is responsible for diagnosing, preventing and managing a disease using their knowledge and relevant skills. Doctors can work from small clinics or large hospitals. But, where ever they might be the primary role of a doctor is to bring relief from illnesses. With the patient’s well-being as the primary goal, Doctors from various specialties share various responsibilities. Some specialties include Pediatrics, Cardiology, Neurology, Surgery, Psychiatry, Endocrinology, Orthopedics, and many more. Each specialty has its own responsibilities for handling a patient. However, all Doctors have certain basic roles to play during the course of treatment of any patient.

They can be summarized as follows.

  • Doctors play the role of monitoring and checking on either admitted patients or visiting patients continuously.
  • General care needs to be provided on an ongoing basis.
  • Those people who require special treatment and additional tests for the identification of their disease are advised by the doctor accordingly.
  • Doctors also decide whether a patient needs to be admitted into a hospital.
  • A Doctor is required to communicate and listen to the patient in order to make the best diagnosis, which plays an important role in deciding the treatment.
  • Sometimes they are required to make special investigations that might need precise procedures for curing the patient’s condition.
  • Nowadays, Doctors are required to fill in necessary forms for the purpose of legal records or insurance claims. They are also required to work with Doctors from various specialties to give the best therapy to patients. Understanding the illness goes a long way in making accurate decisions. Doctors with experience need to impart their knowledge to students who are on their way to becoming Doctors themselves, students who are grappling with how to become a Doctor. Only a senior Doctor can guide new medical students effectively to grasp the intricacies of modern medical therapies. They need to constantly ensure that quality treatment is provided to patients.

Additional roles

  • Doctors play a role in promoting the benefits of good health and prevention of bad habits.
  • A Doctor would correctly know which device to use for which treatment methodology.
  • A Doctor has the important role of communicating with patients about their diseases as well as the methods that will be undertaken for the treatment of the same.
  • Patients who do not have any knowledge of medicine depend on their Doctors to illuminate them with knowledge of their disease.
  • Doctors need to be clear and specific while dealing with patients or medical staff like nurses.
  • A Doctor not only prescribes medicines but also takes medical histories while monitoring the response of individual patients to specific drugs. They are required to change the doses or frequency of medicines as and when needed. Alternately, they need to identify whether a particular treatment method is working or not and change it accordingly. Certain responsibilities can be shared by other medical staff, but if the Doctor is at the center of all decisions related to the patient’s well being.

Skills and Training Requirments

Becoming a Doctor involves considerable time and effort by the individual. But it is a highly respected and rewarding career to the ones ready to undergo what is needed in the path to healing others. For those who seek their calling in the healing of other people, how to become a Doctor is the million-dollar question. Doctors need to be able to understand their patient’s symptoms, while at the same time being able to communicate the necessary details to the patient. Doctors must have a strong mental attitude towards handling emergencies and occasionally disasters.

Skills in a nutshell

1. Doctors need to have a good memory of relevant medicines and treatment options.
2. An important skill is to get updated on the latest developments in the world of medical care, be it for diagnosing or for treating.
3. Concern for others is an important skill for a Doctor as it helps to explore what is wrong with the person.
4. A curious nature is a necessary trait in a Doctor.
5. A Doctor needs to be able to think rationally and keep a professional frame of mind in any situation.
6. It helps immensely if the individual has an open mind that can interact with people from different backgrounds.
7. Doctors definitely require skills like patience, hard work, and confident decisiveness.
8. Importantly, an individual with a fair amount of humility can go a long way in acquiring better knowledge through the help of others. Recognizing one's limits and potential is a skill better used. These are a few skills that will help a Doctor fulfill his responsibilities.


Training to become a Doctor involves years of medical training that could range between 11 and 15 years. The first step is to choose the right subjects during graduation. These must be the basis for future medical studies, including biology, chemistry, physics, and math. There are a 3 to 4 years of under graduation followed by another 4 to 5 years of medical training in a medical university or college.

Entry into a respectable medical college involves extensive hard work to pass the entrance exams or boards, as referred to in America. The medical training period involves two years of classroom study and laboratory study and later two years of a clinical study, which is working with patients under the supervision of a senior Doctor. After medical college, there will be a residency program that every student undergoes. Successful completion of a residency in their chosen specialty qualifies the person to continue with a post-graduation in it. It takes between 2 and 7 years of practical training under a direct medical practitioner’s supervision in a medical facility to obtain a license to practice medicine. Each step involves passing several tests and exams every year at regular intervals. Even after initiation of medical practice, learning is an ongoing process for any Doctor.

Becoming a Doctor Today

A career in healing is one of the most respectable options at any given time or place. Be it in history or in recent times, the position of a healer in the society is irreplaceable. Diseases come and go, they change forms, and they strike at without notice. It is the Doctors who are capable of accurately identifying what you’re suffering from and advice you with the best way to escape from the misery. Whatever your discomfort might be, Doctors never fail to make you feel better. If you’re someone who wants to be a healer, how to become a Doctor is probably the biggest question on your mind. Becoming a Doctor not only involves a high amount of patience but also needs considerable hard work. The times of today are not the same as our forefathers. Technology and research have opened doors to a new understanding of diseases and their causes. It is also now possible to chart the course of the disease accurately and treat patients precisely. Individualized treatments are the need of the hour.

For this reason, learning from the vast amount of knowledge available for healing involves significant time and effort. Medical training starts off with entering a good medical college. Once medical education begins, it is a continuous lifelong effort as one needs to keep themselves educated with the changing times, diseases and novel therapies. Once a person starts using this knowledge for the betterment of patients, they become a very essential part of society. Doctors decide why their patients get sick and make them healthier. The sickness can be everyday ailments or life-threatening problems. There is a specialization for each type of sickness. A general practitioner cures your day to day problems and can even identify if your simple illness has caused for something bigger. Specialists exist for treating almost all parts of a human body that can be afflicted with the disease. There are vast amounts of therapy options to choose from, although certain fatal diseases have fewer options.

Doctors play an important role in the discovery of newer and more advanced therapies also. They are the pioneers that introduce modern methods into routine procedures. New medicines can be introduced every day, but it is the Doctors who ensure what can be good for the patient and what is not. A day in the life of a Doctor involves working for long hours and being on-call during any time of the day. It is the nature of this career to provide healing services whenever the need arises because life might be at stake. Doctors are required to not only have more relevant knowledge than others but must also be equipped to deal with emergencies constantly. The image one conjures up in their minds when they think of a Doctor is a strong individual who is an indispensable part of their lives.

Salaries and Additional Benefits of a Doctor

Doctor job description

The common opinion is that are paid very high salaries. In reality, the salaries of Doctors vary with a specialty as well as the region The doctor is practicing in. Some work as general practitioners and others become specialists. Though both are Doctors, their salaries have a wide range. Surgeons are paid very well but new Doctors or junior Doctors are not paid well. Their salaries have reduced with time. Their high medical costs and debts are a liability in assessing how much they actually earn. Nevertheless, licensed Doctors are able to earn handsomely and with the advancement in technology, Doctors with multiple skills are the new requirement.

Some basic facts

1. Anesthesiologists who administer anesthesia during a medical surgery are paid more than the Doctors performing the actual procedure.
2. Doctors are among the highest-paid individuals in a country with an average earning of about US $224,000 per year.
3. Depending on the geographic location and the reputation of the practicing Doctor, the salaries vary.
4. It has been generally observed that self-employed Doctors make more money than salaried practitioners.
5. Depending on the number of patients the Doctor handles, he or she can earn between US $100,000 and US $500,000 per year.
6. Plastic surgeons have not only a high demand but also a high margin of earnings.
7. Physicians in specialty medicine earn, on an average, US $370,000 to $50,0000.
8. Salaries for individual specialties depend on various factors like location, number of clients, skills of the Doctor and demand for the specialty.

Additionally, Doctors enjoy the benefits of various bonuses and compensations. All pharmaceutical and medical devices companies provide many benefits for Doctors to promote their products, which can be drugs or devices. A doctor's underemployment of large organizations has the benefits of insurance and other perks.

Opportunities for a Medical Practitioner or Doctor

You probably want to know how to become a Doctor, but after you become one, the question is what you do with the newly acquired skills and training. Career opportunities for Doctors are numerous in various fields of specialization. Many set up their own practice in a clinic or hospital and work independently. Many others choose to work in the bustling environment of a hospital with unending activity throughout the day. Doctors have the important responsibility of managing disease through its diagnosis and treatment. Modern or contemporary medicine can be very rewarding while at the same time challenging. Doctors licensed to practice are witnessing continuous changes in medicine and there will be new developments in the future also. There have been developments in novel techniques in treatment aided by advances in technology. These involve not just medicines but also techniques with a basis in genetics, molecular, biology, nuclear physics, and robotics.

Doctors can move into a chosen specialty such as,

  • Emergency.
  • Trauma.
  • Surgery.
  • Cardiothoracic.
  • Oncology.
  • Psychiatry.
  • Orthopedics.
  • Pediatrics.
  • Anesthesiology.
  • Dermatology.
  • Urology.
  • Immunology.

Alternately they can go into areas like:

  • Public health.
  • Research and
  • Teaching.
  • Doctors can work as consultants in various other fields or careers.
  • Doctors can work with pharmaceutical companies in the field of clinical research and help in testing new drugs and treatments in patients.

Opportunities outside practicing

Lately many are looking for alternative opportunities to practice in medicine. These include,

  • Occupational medicine.
  • Medical advisor.
  • Forensic medical examiner.
  • Coroner.
  • Medicine in expeditions.
  • Maritime medicine.
  • Medical journalism.
  • Medical law.
  • Sports and exercise medicine.
  • Space medicine and
  • Voluntary work.

Doctors can also move into other fields like pharmaceutical, biotechnology, health care IT and management consulting. Doctors also take up entrepreneurship to pursue new opportunities on their own. Some have started their own hospitals with the rise in demand for healthcare all over the world.

Doctor job description Doctor job description Reviewed by swapee dee on April 20, 2020 Rating: 5

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