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Physical Therapy and Its Various Types

Physical Therapy and Its Various Types

Physical therapy is a very important discipline when it comes to health facilities whether it is hospitals or rehabilitation centers. A physical therapy career can be a very satisfying job, especially for those who enjoy working with people, like to work with their hands and have great communication skills. Physical therapists are physicians who work closely with patients who need rehabilitation or who have childbirth-related disabilities that prevent them from moving in a comfortable and normal way. A career in physical therapy also involves working with patients who suffer from other impairments, such as injuries, illnesses, and those recovering from surgery, broken bones, or muscle sprains. Its goal is to restore and promote a general health condition and a body that is fit, complete and well. Major physiotherapy specializations include cardiovascular/pulmonary, geriatric, pediatric, orthopedic, and sports therapy. These are far from the only specializations in physical therapy, but they are probably the most requested services in this field. most sought-after services in this field.

There are different types of physical therapy in which a physical therapist can specialize in.

Geriatric physical therapy ➣

This focuses on aging patients. As one age there are numerous health-related issues hat come up such as osteoporosis, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. Most of these conditions are the cause of much pain and concern in old people. Geriatric physical therapists primarily aim to address the discomfort that old people face due to various issues that hinder their mobility and overall fitness, adversely affecting their quality of life as well. because of the elderly population, there is a great demand for physical therapy and this will only continue to increase as the "Baby Boomers" enter their golden years. Conditions like cancer, COPD, diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and other age-related conditions make the physical therapy needs of the elderly unique. There are many job opportunities in this field right now in physical therapy practices, nursing homes, and assisted living facilities.

Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation therapy ➣

Cardiovascular and pulmonary physical therapy addresses problems relating to the cardiopulmonary system and related illnesses. This could include lung dysfunction and illness. Physical therapists in this discipline help patients with the clearing of lungs and various types of respiratory exercises that will help them feel more independent with their motor functions, thus raising their levels of endurance in the process. Physiotherapists specialized in cardiovascular or pulmonary therapy are concerned with the treatment of diseases and dysfunctions in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Patients with CHF, COPD, and postoperative heart disease often go to physical therapists who practice this specialty to inquire about the various exercises and treatments they can use to improve their health. Physical therapists must complete graduate work in this specialization before they can practice it.

Pediatric physical therapy ➣

Pediatric physical therapy deals with children which is always a challenging task. Infants and young children who have been detected with problems in mobility, motor, and balance disorders early in their life will benefit from the treatment received from a pediatric physical therapist. This aims to eventually restore the normal functioning and mobility of the infants. Most of these disorders need treatment from specialists in neuromuscular and skeletal disorders, who can handle the children at such a young age. As a physical therapist specializing in pediatric therapy, you would receive additional training on conditions affecting children during their graduate studies. Various bone, muscle, organ, skin and brain conditions affect children differently than adults because their bodies are still developing. Treatment plans must take into account not only the condition but also the child's future development.

Orthopedic physical therapy ➣

This is one of the most popular streams of physical therapy because of the volumes of patients that are suffering from various orthopedic problems. This could be related to joints, muscles, bones, ligaments and various such body parts where there is a lot of pain, hampering mobility. Arthritis patients and those who have met with accidents or injuries in sports or other such activities, damaging their skeletal system in the process will greatly benefit from orthopedic physical therapy. Using heat treatment as well as cold treatment through cold packs along with working on muscles and bones will eventually ensure normal motor functioning. Injuries to the musculoskeletal system and amputations could also be the source of these problems. Mobilization of joints and strength training is also used to provide relief and ensure speedy recovery of these patients. Physical therapists who specialize in orthopedics focus on the musculoskeletal system and conditions that affect joint function and muscle balance that can lead to everything from birth defects to overuse and injury to surgery. These specialized physical therapists train in biomechanics and kinesiology during their graduate studies so that they can develop treatment plans and restore their patients to their natural and harmonious balance.

Neurological Physical therapy ➣

Individuals facing neurological disorders that include brain injuries, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, injuries to the spinal cord, stroke, ALS and Alzheimer’s disease will benefit greatly from neurological physical therapy. Patients with these problems often suffer from a balance disorder, difficulty in walking, dependence on others due to inability to control motor functions, impairment in vision and paralysis. This involves long term physical therapy programs that are designed to help patients recover through progressive options. Longer periods are required in these cases, because neurological disorders, by nature are very hard to fix. The treatment aims to improve the neurological impairment area, gradually and step by step before one can hope for a complete recovery.

Sports physical therapy ➣

The sports therapy industry is booming, with more and more athletes pushing their bodies to the limit and new technologies being developed all the time, to treat injuries and keep athletes on top of their game. A sports physical therapist can sometimes compete with athletic trainers and sports massage specialists, but their specialized medical training gives them a unique advantage in competition.

Physical Therapy and Its Various Types Physical Therapy and Its Various Types Reviewed by swapee dee on April 11, 2020 Rating: 5


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